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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Widlöcher, D. (1985). The Wish for Identification and Structural Effects in the Work of Freud. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 66:31-46.

(1985). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 66:31-46

The Wish for Identification and Structural Effects in the Work of Freud

Daniel Widlöcher


The concept of identification is a blurred one. There is no general agreement about the relationships with other concepts. On the other hand, Freud described several forms of identification, opposing each to the other (hysterical and narcissistic, primary and secondary, ego and superego identification).

The author points out the fact evey identificatory process must be considered as a work of the unconscious. 'To identify oneself with …' always results from a process in which a representation is identified to an other and thus realizes the fulfilment of a wish. But identification itself becomes a drive goal: the wish for identification. On that point, the importance of drive opposition between primary identification and object relationship must be outlined.

The structural effects are then considered. From this point of view, personality agencies can be characterized in the same time as the result of the identificatory process and the source of the wish for identification.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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