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Stewart, H. (1987). Varieties of Transference Interpretations: An Object-Relations View. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 68:197-205.

(1987). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 68:197-205

Varieties of Transference Interpretations: An Object-Relations View

Harold Stewart


Presented to the Second Conference of the Sigmund Freud Centre of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, August 1985, on 'Varieties of Transference Interpretations'.

(MS. received October 1985)

Copyright © Institute of Psycho-Analysis, London

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In order to write this paper for the Conference, I had first the task of trying to clarify in my own mind what I meant by the various terms used in the title. How was I understanding the terms 'object relations', 'transference', and 'interpretations'? I hope you will bear with me while I attempt this clarification by perhaps being rather dogmatic in saying what I consider to be the meaning of these terms, which will help me better to develop the thesis of this paper.

Let us first take the term 'object relations'. This is usually used with the term 'theory' in order to distinguish it from instinct theory, and these terms distinguish formulations which are concerned with the individual's relations with his objects from those concerned with the individual's instinctual or drive developments. To quote Rycroft (1968) on this distinction: 'Formally the distinction is a false one, since instincts are directed towards objects and objects can only be of significance if the individual has some drive to relate to them. In practice, however, it is a real one, viz. between theories which assume that the individual

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