Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To quickly return from a journal’s Table of Contents to the Table of Volumes…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

You can return with one click from a journal’s Table of Contents (TOC) to the Table of Volumes simply by clicking on “Volume n” at the top of the TOC (where n is the volume number).

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Beutel, M.E. Dietrich, S. Stark, R. Brendel, G. Silbersweig, D. (2004). Pursuit of the emerging dialogue between psychoanalysis and neuroscience: Clinical and research perspectives. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 85(6):1493-1496.

(2004). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 85(6):1493-1496

Pursuit of the emerging dialogue between psychoanalysis and neuroscience: Clinical and research perspectives

Reported by:
Moderator Manfred E. Beutel , Sylvia Dietrich, Rudolf Stark, Gary Brendel and David Silbersweig

Stephan Hau (Frankfurt-am-Main), Michael O. Russ (London), Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber (Frankfurt-am-Main) and Mark Solms (London) presented the paper ‘Characterisation of brain activity during sleep and dreaming with fMRI’.

Based on recent brain research and observations on brain-lesioned patients in psychoanalytic treatment, Solms and Kaplan-Solms posited a neurobiological dream theory: dreaming is seen as initiated by an arousing stimulus, sufficiently intense or persistent to activate the motivational mechanism of the brain. As goal-oriented action including access to the motor systems is blocked during sleep, activation follows a regressive course. Higher (memory, abstract thinking) and lower parts of the perceptual system (concrete imagery) become activated. As reflective systems in the frontal part of the brain are inactivated, the imagined scene is accepted uncritically and taken for real by the dreamer.

Based on hypotheses about specific functions of certain areas of the brain in the dream process, the authors intended to link brain activation patterns to defined phases of sleep. In their pilot studies, they have developed solutions for numerous methodological obstacles: Sleep stages are recorded polygraphically (EEG, EOG, EMG); sleep deprivation and adaptation to the scanner noise prepared subjects for sleep during fMRI recording. Dream reports are obtained by interviews after the scans; experienced and frequent dreamers are recruited (e.g. psychoanalysts).

In the first pilot experiments, four out of six subjects fell asleep during fMRI. Based on single case analyses, brain activity patterns differentiated between stages of sleep and appeared to be consistent with the aforementioned dream theory.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.