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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Layton, L. (2008). A Gift of the Spirit: Reading The Souls of Black Folk by Eugene Victor Wolfenstein Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 2007; 172 pp; $17.95. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 89(2):456-459.

(2008). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 89(2):456-459

A Gift of the Spirit: Reading The Souls of Black Folk by Eugene Victor Wolfenstein Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 2007; 172 pp; $17.95

Review by:
Lynne Layton

“Herein lie buried many things which if read with patience may show the strange meaning of being black here at the dawning of the twentieth century. This meaning is not without interest to you, Gentle Reader; for the problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line”(Du Bois, p. 5). So begins W.E.B. Du Bois's The Souls of Black Folk. To many, The Souls of Black Folk appears to be a series of only quasi-related articles, many of which were previously published and written at different times, some sociological, some clearly autobiographical. But it is Victor Wolfenstein's project to demonstrate that the book is an aesthetic, political, and affective whole — a dual unity of psychic and social complexity, to be sure, but a unity nonetheless. Du Bois himself said that what unifies Souls is his own subjective experience and a “personal and intimate tone of self revelation”(Du Bois, cited on p. 6), but Wolfenstein's book is a sustained meditation on the ways that Du Bois's subjectivity is formed not only from his own individual history, but from the crucible of ‘double consciousness’ and a life marked by the Veil.

Many scholars have drawn on the concepts of ‘the Veil’ and ‘double-consciousness’ to describe and understand psychoanalytically the split experience of African-Americans in a world of white supremacy. But Wolfenstein's reflection on the whole text unearths the multiple meanings of the Veil and the multiple dualities that fill out the concept of double-consciousness.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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