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Anthi, P. Haugsgjerd, S. (2013). A Note on the History of the Norwegian Psychoanalytic Society from 1933 to 1945. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 94(4):715-724.

(2013). International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 94(4):715-724

History of Psychoanalysis

A Note on the History of the Norwegian Psychoanalytic Society from 1933 to 1945

Per Anthi and Svein Haugsgjerd

(Final version accepted 3 July 2012)

The Norwegian analysts, who were trained in Berlin before 1933, were drawn into a struggle against fascism, informed by politically leftist analysts who worked at the Berlin Institute. The Norwegian group, including the analysts Wilhelm Reich and Otto Fenichel, were committed to Marxist or social democratic ideologies in order to fight down fascism and Nazism. They were a source of inspiration but also of conflict. After the war the leadership of the IPA was sceptical about the Norwegian group because of its former connections with Die Linke, as well as its relations with Wilhelm Reich. This paper in part considers the courageous efforts of Nic Waal, whom Ernest Jones used as a delegate and courier to solve problems for the IPA and who was unjustly treated after the war.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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