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After you perform a search, you can sort the articles by Year. This will rearrange the results of your search chronologically, displaying the earliest published articles first. This feature is useful to trace the development of a specific psychoanalytic concept through time.

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Samuels, A. (1982). Andrew Samuels on 'Heracles': A Heroic Figure of the Rapprochement Crisis. Int. R. Psycho-Anal., 9:357.

(1982). International Review of Psycho-Analysis, 9:357

Andrew Samuels on 'Heracles': A Heroic Figure of the Rapprochement Crisis

Andrew Samuels

Dear SIR,

While it feels somewhat churlish to raise objections to William M. Greenstadt's interesting paper 'Heracles: A heroic figure of the rapprochement crisis' (Vol. 9:1), there are a couple of points I want to raise:—

a) It is highly debatable whether 'myths undergo a developmental process' (p. 2). An alternative view would be that each myth, whether involving a hero or a God, is a metaphor of a fundamental kind for one particular stage or phase of development. Other stages require and involve other personifications. Thus one can avoid pushing the myth where it doesn't want to go and, above all, the fatal error of confusing humans with heroes or Gods. Humans contain all potentials and can grow; mythical figures cannot and do not.

b) I do not see how such a comprehensive paper (there are around 60 references) can contain no mention of Jung's work in this area or of the studies of analytical psychologists such as Neumann (in 'The Origins and History of Consciousness').


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