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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Ehrenwald, J. (1975). Possession and Exorcism: Delusion Shared and Compounded. J. Amer. Acad. Psychoanal., 3(1):105-119.

(1975). Journal of American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 3(1):105-119

Possession and Exorcism: Delusion Shared and Compounded

Jan Ehrenwald

Confusion about the nature of possession is as old as, if not older than, recorded history. Present-day popular thinking about it compounds the confusion. It has become a hodgepodge of superstition, primitive lore, ancient demonology, musty theological dogma, esoteric doctrine and largely preconceived psychiatric and psychoanalytic opinion. Cutting through the layers of centuries old incrustations that cling to the concept like barnacles to the hull of a sunken ship, four major aspects of the possession syndrome can be distinguished:

1.   The acting out by the victim of his inner conflicts, with a tendency to dramatize his struggle with repressed instinctual drives and to project them into the outside world. The identity of the evil demon or the benign divinity possessing the individual is then determined by his personal history, by his religious background, by his cultural conditioning and by the idiosyncratic beliefs held by him or current in his social environment. His possession may occur either in the trance state—if so, it is usually described as “somnambulic possession”—or in the waking state, in which case it has somewhat inappropriately been termed “lucid possession.” A modern example purged of its demoniacal aspects is the mediumistic trance in which a so-called trance personality, usually derived from a dissociated part or “complex” of the medium's mind, makes its appearance. A classic case is a young lady described by Jung (1902) who produced as a trance personality the glamorous knight Ullrich von Grebenstein, which was in effect a projection of her own masculine tendencies.

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