Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Rachman, A.W. (1989). Confusion of Tongues: The Ferenczian Metaphor for Childhood Seduction and Emotional Trauma. J. Amer. Acad. Psychoanal., 17(2):181-205.

(1989). Journal of American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 17(2):181-205

Confusion of Tongues: The Ferenczian Metaphor for Childhood Seduction and Emotional Trauma

Arnold WM. Rachman, Ph.D.

I. Ferenczi's Last Clinical Presentation: The Confusion of Tongues Paper

Ferenczi's clinical presentation was entitled “The Confusion of Tongues Between Children and Adults: The Language of Tenderness and Passion.” This paper was the inaugural presentation at the 12th International Psychoanalytic Congress, Wiesbaden, Germany, September 4, 1932. The event was chronicled at the time:

Ferenczi opened the Congress with his paper. Freud was too sick to attend but many of the leading analysts of the time were there: Anna Freud, Federn, Alexander, Jekels, Jones, de Groot, Brunswick, Simmel, Harnick, Bonaparte, Sterba, Reck, Balint, Deutsch, Rado, Weiss, Odrir, Glover, Roheim, Menninger, de Sausseiere. (Masson, 1984, p. 15)

Controversy surrounded this paper before it was written, as well as when it was presented:

Their response to the paper was uniformly negative. These senior analysts, the “bearers of the ring,” were of the opinion that views such as those expressed in the paper should not be circulated more widely than was absolutely necessary, that the dissemination of such views constituted a danger to society. (Masson, 1984, pp. 150-151)

The “Confusion of Tongues” paper raised enormous issues of a professional, personal, and social nature for psychoanalysis, Ferenczi, and the psychoanalytic community.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.