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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Perlman, S.D. (1996). Psychoanalytic Treatment of Chronic Pain: The Body Speaks on Multiple Levels. J. Amer. Acad. Psychoanal., 24(2):257-271.

(1996). Journal of American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 24(2):257-271

Psychoanalytic Treatment of Chronic Pain: The Body Speaks on Multiple Levels

Stuart D. Perlman, PH.D.*

The experience of pain is at the interface of the mind-body connection, as defined in modern Western medicine. In the attempt to treat chronic pain, certain questions continue to arise: To what degree can pain be considered a biological symptom, and to what degree is it a psychological experience? Therapists must grapple with these issues when dealing with a chronic-pain patient. Symptoms can be complex, and differential diagnosis is important.

This article makes the following points: (1) Pain is an experience with physical/biological, environmental and psychological causes. (2) Psychoanalytic conceptualizations can help illuminate and treat chronic pain. (3) A multiintervention approach is preferable for most chronic-pain patients; these interventions include medical consultations and other treatment modalities. (4) The patient's understanding of the meaning of chronic pain touches on broader life issues and can lead to deeper change.

General Cautions

When evaluating chronic pain, the clinician must be aware of constitutional traits, environmental influences, and personal experiences that combine and interact to create a person's behavior and thoughts (Reiser, 1948).

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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