Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from  You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon  Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hamilton, J.W. (2006). The Critical Effect of Object Loss in the Development of Episodic Manic Illness. J. Amer. Acad. Psychoanal., 34(2):333-348.

(2006). Journal of American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 34(2):333-348

The Critical Effect of Object Loss in the Development of Episodic Manic Illness

James W. Hamilton, M.D.

This article is a detailed psychoanalytically oriented case study of a patient whose mania followed the loss of a parent. Repetitive childhood trauma such as recurrent separations from parents because of political repression, fears of being abandoned, extremely contradictory parental expectations, multiple mothering, and restricted peer interaction forced the excessive use of primitive defense mechanisms, especially denial leading to grandiosity, resulting in porous ego boundaries and later serious conflict related to magical thinking and world destruction fantasies. These issues were compounded during latency by emigration to this country from eastern Europe and having to adapt to an entirely new culture. Successful mourning was precluded due to the blurring of self and object representations and the overwhelming need to minimize the finality of death by means of manic regression, the clinical stages of which are described precisely.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.