Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size? In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+). Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out). To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Livesey, M. (1963). Types of Resistance Encountered in the Psychotherapy of Children. J. Child Psychother., 1(1):35-40.

(1963). Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 1(1):35-40

Types of Resistance Encountered in the Psychotherapy of Children

Margery Livesey

At the Institute of Child Psychology it has been found that resistance during treatment, which we would broadly define as overt, or hidden opposition to treatment, springs from a variety of causes and is therefore handled differently at different times. Some types of resistance and ways of overcoming them will be described in the following pages.

Resistance due to inner conflict

This is a familiar occurrence. Here the conflict must be interpreted to the child so that he may gain an understanding of it and work through it while he is supported in the therapeutic situation.

Jack, aged 13, eventually expressed this type of conflict very clearly although it took a year before he was able to do so. During this year he had made endless drawings of cars and other powerful vehicles. He organised competitions in which skittles had to be knocked down or tins smashed. One day at the clinic an aggressive boy entered into a verbal battle with him which soon developed into a physical fight. Jack attacked the other boy viciously. After this he was able to talk about his outbursts at home, about which he had previously been unable to say anything. He drew a diagram in order to show how he felt. In it he was the centre of a ring of hostile people with an enemy beside him whom he fought. Then he added friends in the circle of enemies realising suddenly that they could not all be hostile. The fight continued until Authority intervened in the shape of prefects, teachers, parents or policemen.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.