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PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

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On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Houzel, D. (2004). The Psychoanalysis of Infantile Autism. J. Child Psychother., 30(2):225-237.

(2004). Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 30(2):225-237

The Psychoanalysis of Infantile Autism1

Didier Houzel

Starting from Frances Tustin's description of failure of the containing function in autistic children due to a splitting between the masculine and feminine aspects of the containing object, the author suggests that the first stage in the psychoanalytic treatment of an autistic child consists in restoring that function by working through what he calls the transference on to the container. His description of container bisexuality differs slightly from that given by Tustin. In the author's description, the masculine elements of the container do not penetrate the female ones, but rather strengthen them in the same way as buttresses strengthen a building. Once the transference on to the container is sufficiently worked through, the child can begin to trust the containing capacities of the object. Thereafter, an infantile transference, as defined by Melanie Klein, begins to develop. That transference tends to have a special intensity in autistic children, with the emergence of a fantasy that Tustin called the ‘nest of babiesfantasy. A clinical illustration of that fantasy is given. The infantile transference represents the second stage in the psychoanalytic treatment of an autistic child. The third stage consists in working through the transference neurosis as described by Freud. An autistic child who reaches this degree of psychic organization may look like an ordinary child, but this level of mental functioning will remain very unstable for some time. The end of the treatment can be envisaged when the child continues to make progress mentally even during breaks in the analysis. Clinical material illustrates the three stages described in the paper.

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