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Parks, C. Wallace, B.C. Emdin, C. Levy, I.P. (2016). An Examination of Gendered Violence and School Push-Out Directed Against Urban Black Girls/Adolescents: Illustrative Data, Cases and a Call to Action. J. Infant Child Adolesc. Psychother., 15(3):210-219.

(2016). Journal of Infant, Child & Adolescent Psychotherapy, 15(3):210-219

An Examination of Gendered Violence and School Push-Out Directed Against Urban Black Girls/Adolescents: Illustrative Data, Cases and a Call to Action

Clare Parks, M.A., Barbara C. Wallace, Ph.D., Christopher Emdin, Ph.D. and Ian P. Levy, Ed.M.

This article focuses on Black girls/adolescents, a frequently neglected group, given a dominant focus on Black males and their risk status within the school-to-prison pipeline. This article provides a framework for the analysis of the gendered violence to which Black girls/adolescents are subjected while urging a shift in focus from individual-level behavior to a focus on social contextual, structural, and social determinant factors; this means a shift from focusing on proximal factors to distal or upstream factors operating as underlying mechanisms. Both illustrative data and cases are presented and analyzed to highlight how racial disparities in suspension, expulsion, and discipline—which disproportionately negatively impact Black girls/adolescents compared to White girls/adolescents—necessitate a major call to action to close these disturbing gaps.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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