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May, U. (2004). »It was my term«. Zur Herkunft der Begriffe »Selbst-« und »Objektrepräsentanz«. Luzifer-Amor, 17(34):105-117.

(2004). Luzifer-Amor: Zeitschrift zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse, 17(34):105-117

»It was my term«. Zur Herkunft der Begriffe »Selbst-« und »Objektrepräsentanz«

Ulrike May

Zusammenfassung: Der Aufsatz rekonstruiert die Geschichte der Begriffe »Objektrepräsentanz« und »Selbstrepräsentanz«. Es wird gezeigt, daß ersterer 1926 von Fenichel im Anschluß an Radó eingeführt wurde, um die Identifizierung (und das Überich) metapsychologisch beschreiben zu können. Letzterer wurde erstmals von Hartmann in einer Veröffentlichung verwendet, spielt aber eine stärkere Rolle in den Schriften von Edith Jacobson, die gelegentlich auch behauptet hat, daß sie ihn konzipiert habe. Beide Begriffe reflektieren den Paradigmenwechsel, der im Anschluß an Freuds Das Ich und das Es erfolgte und der damals am Berliner Institut zu theoretischen Weiterentwicklungen geführt hat, die Jacobson nach ihrer Emigration in die USA fortsetzte.

Summary: The article retraces the history of the terms »object representation« and »self representation«. The former was introduced in 1926 by Fenichel, in the wake of Radó, in order to come to a metapsychological understanding of identification and of the superego. As to the term »self representation«, Hartmann was the first to use it in a publication, but in fact it played a much greater role in the work of Edith Jacobson who occasionally maintained that she had originally coined it. Both terms reflect the basic shift in psychoanalytic thought triggered by Freud's The Ego and the Id which led to productive theoretical developments at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. Jacobson continued along this line after her emigration to the US.

Anschrift d. Verf.: Dr. Ulrike May, Taunusstr. 12, D-12161 Berlin. Email:

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