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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from  You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon  Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Ormont, L.R. (1995). A View of the Rise of Modern Group Analysis. Mod. Psychoanal., 20(1):31-42.

(1995). Modern Psychoanalysis, 20(1):31-42

A View of the Rise of Modern Group Analysis

Louis R. Ormont, Ph.D.

The development of group treatment can be divided into three stages: pioneering, traditional, and modern. The pioneering stage began in 1906 and was a classroom method that dealt with psychosomatic symptomatology. It consisted of lectures, questions, and discussions. The traditional approach began in the 1930s and consisted of adapting classical therapy to the group setting. The central figure is the group leader, and the leader is the primary agent of change whose ultimate weapon is interpretation. It remains the predominant form of group treatment in this country. The modern approach took shape in the mid-1950s. It is marked by intense interactions between members. The group itself is the instrument of change, and the leader's function is to remove blocks against the free and open communication of feelings and thoughts among members. It emphasizes the emotional nature of relationships rather than insight.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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