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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

King, P. Steiner, R. (1991). The Freud–Klein Controversies 1941–45. New Library of Psychoanalysis, 11:1-942. London and New York: Tavistock/Routledge.

(1991). New Library of Psychoanalysis, 11:1-942. London and New York: Tavistock/Routledge.

The Freud–Klein Controversies 1941–45

Edited by:
Pearl King and Riccardo Steiner

Contents

Biographical Notes on the Main Participants in the Freud–Klein Controversies in the British Psycho-Analytical Society, 1941–45 ix
Preface and Acknowledgements xxvii
Introduction 1
Section One The Evolution of Controversies in the British Psycho-Analytical Society 7
1. Background and Development of the Freud–Klein Controversies in the British Psycho-Analytical Society 9
2. Resolutions and the First Extraordinary Business Meeting 37
3. The Second Extraordinary Business Meeting 72
4. The Third Extraordinary Business Meeting 107
5. The Fourth Extraordinary Business Meeting 133
6. The Fifth Extraordinary Business Meeting 167
7. Additional Background Information 193
8. The Organization of the Scientific Discussions 211
Section Two. First Series of Scientific Discussions on Controversial Issues 225
1. Background to the Scientific Controversies 227
2. Paper by Susan Isaacs on ‘The Nature and Function of Phantasy’ 264
3. First Discussion of Scientific Controversies 322
4. Second Discussion of Scientific Controversies 356
5. Third Discussion of Scientific Controversies 385
6. Fourth Discussion of Scientific Controversies 415
7. Fifth Discussion of Scientific Controversies 440
8. The Medical and Child Welfare Committees 476
9. Paper by Paula Heimann on ‘Some Aspects of the Role of Introjection and Projection in Early Development’ 501
10. Sixth Discussion of Scientific Controversies 531
11. Seventh Discussion of Scientific Controversies 564
Section Three Scientific Controversies and the Training of Candidates: Discussions by the Training Committee on the Possible Effects of Current Scientific Controversies on the Training of Candidates 591
Editorial Comments (1) 593
1. Introductory Memorandum by Edward Glover 597
2. Discussion Memorandum by James Strachey 602
3. Edward Glover's Response to Memorandum by James Strachey 611
4. Memorandum on her Technique by Marjorie Brierley 617
5. Memorandum by Anna Freud 629
6. Memorandum on her Technique by Melanie Klein 635
7. Memorandum on her technique by Ella Freeman Sharpe 639
8. Memorandum on her Technique by Sylvia M. Payne 648
9. Draft Report of the Training Committee 653
10. Repercussions of the Draft Report of the Training Committee 661
11. Final Report of the Training Committee 669
Editorial Comments (2) 679
Section Four Second Series of Scientific Discussions on Controversial Issues 683
Editorial Comments 685
1. Paper by Paula Heimann and Susan Isaacs on ‘Regression’ 687
2. Discussion on Dr P. Heimann's and Mrs S. Isaacs’ Paper on ‘Regression’ 710
3. Eighth Discussion of Scientific Differences 730
4. Paper by Melanie Klein on ‘The Emotional Life and Ego-Development of the Infant with Special Reference to the Depressive Position’ 752
5. Ninth Discussion of Scientific Differences 798
6. Tenth Discussion of Scientific Differences 823
Section Five Reorganization after the Controversies 845
Editorial Comments (1) 847
1. The Sixth Extraordinary Business Meeting 850
2. The Seventh Extraordinary Business Meeting 870
3. The Eighth Extraordinary Business Meeting 879
4. The Business Meeting to Change the Rules 896
5. The AGM and Election of New Officers 901
6. Anna Freud and the Development of the British Psycho-Analytical Society 906
Editorial Comments (2) 914
Conclusions 920
References 932

Biographical Notes on the Main Participants in the Freud–Klein Controversies in the British Psycho-Analytical Society, 1941–45

1.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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