Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To find an Author in a Video…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To find an Author in a Video, go to the Search Section found on the top left side of the homepage. Then, select “All Video Streams” in the Source menu. Finally, write the name of the Author in the “Search for Words or Phrases in Context” area and click the Search button.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Johnson, B. (2002). The Dream Drugstore: Chemically Altered States of Consciousness: J. Allan Hobson. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001, $27.95. Neuropsychoanalysis, 4(1):119-121.

(2002). Neuropsychoanalysis, 4(1):119-121

The Dream Drugstore: Chemically Altered States of Consciousness: J. Allan Hobson. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001, $27.95

Review by:
Brian Johnson

Allan Hobson has spent decades researching sleep and dreams. In this book he takes on exactly the right project for a neuropsychoanalytic audience: integrating what he knows about the brain with important questions regarding psychopathology and drug action. In this review I will describe some of his ideas, and then explain what is controversial about them.

The first part of the book describes the “AIM model” of alterations in consciousness. (This is a book for general, educated readers. A complex academic version of the AIM model is presented in Behavioral and Brain Sciences by Hobson, Pace-Schott and Stickgold, 2000.) With the AIM model, Hobson suggests that the brain oscillates between states by changing three independent properties: level of brain activation (A), whether input is outside or inside (I), and type of neuromodulation (M). For example, during REM sleep the brain is highly activated; input is purely internal; acetylcholine is the brainstem driver of cortical function, while brainstem serotonin and norepinephrine are inhibited.

As neuroscience advances, one can begin to see the biological underpinnings of clinical phenomena. For example, Hobson shows some of the changes which occur in the brains of cats as they dream. He describes PGO waves. Cholinergic neurons of the pedunculopontine region of the pons (P) begin seizure-like spiking discharges at the onset of REM. Neuronal pathways run rostrally to the geniculate bodies (G) and occipital cortex (O).

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.