Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size? In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+). Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out). To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Posner, M.P. (2005). Commentary on “Becoming Aware of Feelings”. Neuropsychoanalysis, 7(1):55-57.

(2005). Neuropsychoanalysis, 7(1):55-57

Commentary on “Becoming Aware of Feelings” Related Papers

Michael P. Posner

Development of Self-Regulation

Richard Lane and David Garfield present a well-reasoned analysis of research on brain mechanisms underlying conscious awareness of emotion. There could hardly be a topic of greater centrality to psychoanalysis. They do an excellent job in conveying the exciting findings and methods of cognitive neuroscience to a broad community interested in understanding the neural basis for emotional awareness.

Basic to psychoanalysis are Freud's ideas concerning how cognitive and affective control develops from the primary process of early infancy. On these issues of development, Lane & Garfield are relatively silent. In a section on the topic of “speculation on self-regulation,” they cite imaging studies showing that when attempting to ward off arousal from a sexual stimulus or negative emotion from pictorial input, adults show increased activity in a neural network including the anterior cingulate gyrus. Their idea is that the cingulate is part of a neural network involved in regulating the emotions. There is good evidence (Bush, Luu, & Posner, 2000) that separate areas of the cingulate serve to regulate both emotions and cognitions and that this circuitry is a critical part of an executive attention network that develops strongly in early and middle childhood (see Fig. 1).


[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.