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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Talvitie, V. Ihanus, J. (2006). The Psychic Apparatus, Metapsychology, and Neuroscience: Toward Biological (Neuro)Psychoanalysis. Neuropsychoanalysis, 8(1):85-98.

(2006). Neuropsychoanalysis, 8(1):85-98

The Psychic Apparatus, Metapsychology, and Neuroscience: Toward Biological (Neuro)Psychoanalysis Related Papers

Vesa Talvitie and Juhani Ihanus

The scope and limits of neuropsychoanalysis are studied through the concept of the “psychic apparatus.” This is a central concept in psychoanalytic thinking, but neither Freud nor present-day neuropsychoanalysts have been able to tell whether or not it refers to a neural “thing.” The authors argue that it refers not only to the brain, but also to personal history, the dynamics of mental states, and their possible repressive functions. Thus, it cannot be reduced to neurophysiology. On the contrary, metapsychology, and thereby the term “psychic apparatus”, fall into the domain that evolutionary biologists and the philosopher Daniel Dennett call the design level. It is suggested that, in terms of clinical practice, the major shortcoming of neuropsychoanalysis is its inability to incorporate (repressive) functions of mental states. Claiming that psychoanalysts too hastily abandoned metapsychology, the authors consider the possibility of creating a “new metapsychology” within the scope of neuropsychoanalysis.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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