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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from  You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon  Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hopkins, J. (2013). Conflict Creates an Unconscious Id. Neuropsychoanalysis, 15(1):45-48.

(2013). Neuropsychoanalysis, 15(1):45-48

Conflict Creates an Unconscious Id Related Papers

Commentary by Jim Hopkins

In relating Mark Solms's framework of subcortical id and cortical ego to psychoanalysis, we should bear in mind the particular circumstances of human emotional conflict. Freud explicated this in terms of the superego, which was the first internal object and was also used in relating emotional conflict in the individual to violent group conflict. In describing conflict, we specify conditions in which the translation of subcortical oscillation into conscious action-directing representation that Solms describes should break down, and as psychoanalysis describes using the concept of an unconscious id. Considering attachment suggests likewise. This shows both that Solms's framework matches psychoanalysis and that we should revise the latter not by regarding the id as conscious but by emphasizing that the unconscious and the id are created via the joint generation of motivation and consciousness in the evolved context of human emotional and group conflict.

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