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Hopkins, J. (2013). Conflict Creates an Unconscious Id. Neuropsychoanalysis, 15(1):45-48.

(2013). Neuropsychoanalysis, 15(1):45-48

Conflict Creates an Unconscious Id Related Papers

Commentary by Jim Hopkins

In relating Mark Solms's framework of subcortical id and cortical ego to psychoanalysis, we should bear in mind the particular circumstances of human emotional conflict. Freud explicated this in terms of the superego, which was the first internal object and was also used in relating emotional conflict in the individual to violent group conflict. In describing conflict, we specify conditions in which the translation of subcortical oscillation into conscious action-directing representation that Solms describes should break down, and as psychoanalysis describes using the concept of an unconscious id. Considering attachment suggests likewise. This shows both that Solms's framework matches psychoanalysis and that we should revise the latter not by regarding the id as conscious but by emphasizing that the unconscious and the id are created via the joint generation of motivation and consciousness in the evolved context of human emotional and group conflict.

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