Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To see the German word that Freud used to refer to a concept…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Want to know the exact German word that Freud used to refer to a psychoanalytic concept? Move your mouse over a paragraph while reading The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud and a window will emerge displaying the text in its original German version.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Hendrick, I. (1942). Instinct and the Ego During Infancy. Psychoanal Q., 11:33-58.

(1942). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 11:33-58

Instinct and the Ego During Infancy

Ives Hendrick

The point of departure for this paper is the opinion that psychoanalysis has created a picture of early infantile experience whose claim to adequacy and validity is in some ways questionable. Thus some analytic portrayals of the actual infant seem far more the projection of analytic theory and adult passions than scientific observation. This picture of infancy has been constructed chiefly from our special knowledge of unconscious sexual fantasies and the libido theory. The value of these two contributions needs no confirmation; what does require our attention is the frequency with which our conclusions concerning infancy imply the untenable assumption that the unconscious mental life of the adult (or of the postinfantile child) is a replica of the infant's experiences.

A comparable error would be for the student of organic evolution to assume that anatomical ontogeny exactly repeats phylogeny. Freud's remarkable generalization (7), for example, that both the oral pervert and the neurotic, whose symptoms are due to the repression of 'perverse' fantasies, perpetuate the sensual pleasures of nursing, is fully justified by analytic data; but the conclusion that the nursing infant's actual experience is the same would be unsound. Freud, of course, never made so preposterous a statement, nor, so far as I recall, has any other intelligent analyst; yet similar assumptions are implicit in many discussions of normal infancy. We should, therefore, it seems to me, focus more clearly the more probable assumption that the residuals of infancy which we study in later life are themselves the end results of very complex developments, not restatements of primary experiences.

I

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.