Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To download the bibliographic list of all PEP-Web content…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Did you know that you can download a bibliography of all content available on PEP Web to import to Endnote, Refer, or other bibliography manager?  Just click on the link found at the bottom of the webpage. You can import into any UTF-8 (Unicode) compatible software which can import data in “Refer” format.  You can get a free trial of one such program, Endnote, by clicking here.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Menninger, W.C. (1943). Characterologic and Symptomatic Expressions Related to the Anal Phase of Psychosexual Development. Psychoanal Q., 12:161-193.

Welcome to PEP Web!

Viewing the full text of this document requires a subscription to PEP Web.

If you are coming in from a university from a registered IP address or secure referral page you should not need to log in. Contact your university librarian in the event of problems.

If you have a personal subscription on your own account or through a Society or Institute please put your username and password in the box below. Any difficulties should be reported to your group administrator.

Username:
Password:

Can't remember your username and/or password? If you have forgotten your username and/or password please click here and log in to the PaDS database. Once there you need to fill in your email address (this must be the email address that PEP has on record for you) and click "Send." Your username and password will be sent to this email address within a few minutes. If this does not work for you please contact your group organizer.

OpenAthens or federation user? Login here.

Not already a subscriber? Order a subscription today.

(1943). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 12:161-193

Characterologic and Symptomatic Expressions Related to the Anal Phase of Psychosexual Development

William C. Menninger

The influence on character formation exerted by the anal period of psychosexual development in infancy is extremely complicated, and in our culture is probably the most potent factor in character formation. Its importance arises from the facts that first, the events which transpire in this particular phase are of tremendous interest to the infant and small child, and are further emphasized by the fact that society enforces more repression and suppression on them than on the events of any other phase; second, this phase is tremendously influenced and conditioned by the events and reactions set up in the earlier or oral phase; and third, it is greatly influenced and complicated, on the part of the child, by the phase which follows, namely the genital phase.

Our culture emphasizes the importance of the anal period, in contrast to the primitive cultures described by Mead (1) in Samoa, and Róheim (2) in Central Australia which place no taboos or restrictions on the excremental functions, and where no so-called anal character develops. Time means nothing to these natives, there is a laissez faire attitude about work, money is of little interest, and the people share everything with their fellows. The emphasis on production, the value of time, the importance of material possessions, the striving for wealth and its implied power, are all paramount goals in our age of civilization, which might be said to be in an anal phase. Perhaps because these have all assumed such large proportions in our personal strivings, acceptance of their psychological origins meets with special resistance. But this same importance

- 161 -

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2017, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.