To print an article, click on the small Printer Icon located at the top right corner of the page, or by pressing Ctrl + P. Remember, PEP-Web content is copyright.
For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.
Vander, A.H. (1943). Psychoanalytic Experiences in Public School Practice: Hans Zulliger. Amer. J. of Orthopsychiatry, X, 1940, pp. 370–385, 595–608, 824–840, and XI, 1941, pp. 157–171, 356–370.. Psychoanal Q., 12:446-447.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Psychoanalytic Experiences in Public School Practice: Hans Zulliger. Amer. J. of Orthopsychiatry, X, 1940, pp. 370–385, 595–608, 824–840, and XI, 1941, pp. 157–171, 356–370.
This little volume by the well-known Swiss psychoanalyst and pedagogue is presented in English translation. Zulliger describes how his analytic training changed not only his attitude toward his pupils by increasing his understanding of their misbehavior, but also his philosophy of education. He believes that education should not be so much a matter of formal inculcation of knowledge but rather a preparation for living, and that one of the functions of the educator should be to free the pupil as much as possible from some of his more superficial repressions and inhibitions. The author's technique consists in very little formal analysis but rather in a group approach through the medium of written compositions on such subjects as dreams, feelings while being whipped, etc. The author also discusses such matters with the class as a whole, including any parapraxes and misbehavior that have occurred in the school
- 446 -
room. He supplements such general discussions by individual talks with disturbed pupils, utilizing a modified analytic technique. He describes many instances in which he has recognized anxiety through distorted handwriting and he gives many examples of the surprisingly frank expression of the children's hostility toward their parents, in their compositions. He also shows again and again how such hostility and the resultant anxiety is transferred from the parent to the teacher. The children who attended his school came from middle class and peasant stock and as a whole were subjected to a good deal of punishment at home. He is thus able to describe those factors which stimulate the child's hostility with numerous examples.
The last part of the volume is devoted to individual cases, among them examples of masturbation, obsessional thoughts, disturbed handwriting, sudden failure in academic work, various parapraxes, instances of self-punishment, diarrhoea cured through the withdrawal of the secondarygain, and one case of an animal torturer who was treated quite intensively. He devotes a good deal of discussion to the question of punishment, on the one hand, discoursing violently against the use of corporal punishment in the school, and on the other, describing the way in which punishment serves as a bribe to the child's conscience.
- 447 -
Vander, A.H. (1943). Psychoanalytic Experiences in Public School Practice. Psychoanal. Q., 12:446-447