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Wolf, A.W. (1945). Caroline B. Zachry—1894–1945. Psychoanal Q., 14:392-392.

(1945). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 14:392-392

Caroline B. Zachry—1894–1945

Anna W.M. Wolf

Those who knew Caroline Zachry found her first of all a warm and understanding person. Further, she combined to a unique degree the skills and insights of both psychologist and educator. As psychoanalyst, teacher of children as well as teacher of teachers, she never lost the pioneer spirit or the gift of inspiring people to think more deeply about the needs of young people everywhere. Endlessly responsive to every appeal, whether for help in a public enterprise or for personal friendship and guidance, she had ever a listening ear, a mature and human understanding.

She was born in New York April 20, 1894, studied and took her doctorate at Columbia University. Emotional problems of children enlisted her interest from the start and she studied widely in child guidance clinics here and abroad. With this as a focus of interest, she taught for some years in progressive elementary schools, then turned her attention to the further education of teachers themselves. From 1928 to 1934 she served as the director of the Department of Mental Hygiene at the State Teachers College of Montclair, New Jersey. She organized their Mental Hygiene Institute. Subsequently she was Director of Research of the Commission on Secondary School Curriculum of the Progressive Education Association and chairman of the Adolescent Study. In 1939, she founded the Institute of Personality Development for the continued education of professional workers with children, an organization which now bears her name. From 1942 she served until her death as Director of the Bureau of Child Guidance of the Board of Education of New York City, thus offering her unique gifts, for all too brief a span, to an even wider public.

Besides numerous articles, Dr. Zachry is well known by two books—Personality Adjustments of School Children, and Emotion and Conduct in Adolescence. She is survived by two children, Stephen, nine years old, and Nancy, seven, and by a host of friends and co-workers who know that though her work is of the quality that goes on, as a human being she is irreplaceable.

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