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W., H. (1949). Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms: Melanie Klein. Int. J. Psa., XXVII, 1946, pp. 99–110.. Psychoanal Q., 18:122.

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Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms: Melanie Klein. Int. J. Psa., XXVII, 1946, pp. 99–110.

(1949). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 18:122

Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms: Melanie Klein. Int. J. Psa., XXVII, 1946, pp. 99–110.

H. W.

This continuation of the development of Melanie Klein's hypotheses, based on the thesis of the introjection of good and bad objects in infancy, is perhaps best summarized in her own words: 'One of my main points was the suggestion that in the first few months of life anxiety is predominantly experienced as a fear of persecution and that this contributes to certain mechanisms and defenses which characterize the paranoid and schizoid positions. Outstanding among these defenses is the mechanism of splitting internal and external objects, emotions and the ego. These mechanisms and defenses are part of normal development and at the same time form the basis for later schizophrenic illness. I described the process underlying identification by projection as a combination of splitting off parts of the self and projecting them on to another person, and some of the effects this identification has on normal and schizoid object relations. The onset of the depressive position is the juncture at which, by regression, schizoid mechanisms may be reinforced. I also suggested a close connection between the manic-depressive and schizoid disorders, based on the interaction between the infantile schizoid and depressive positions.'

In an appendix these hypotheses are applied to and fitted in with that part of Freud's analysis of the Schreber Case which refers to Schreber's 'soul divisions'.


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Article Citation

W., H. (1949). Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms. Psychoanal. Q., 18:122

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WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the subscriber to PEP Web and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form whatsoever.