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Tip: To review the bibliography…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

It is always useful to review an article’s bibliography and references to get a deeper understanding of the psychoanalytic concepts and theoretical framework in it.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

(1949). American Journal of Psychiatry. CV, 1948: Genesis of Hostility in Children. Lauretta Bender. Pp. 241–245.. Psychoanal Q., 18:400.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: American Journal of Psychiatry. CV, 1948: Genesis of Hostility in Children. Lauretta Bender. Pp. 241–245.

(1949). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 18:400

American Journal of Psychiatry. CV, 1948: Genesis of Hostility in Children. Lauretta Bender. Pp. 241–245.

Bender disputes Freud's earliest concept that aggression is a primordial reaction to frustration, nor does she agree with his later formulation of it as related to the death intinct. Instead, she emphasizes inborn constructive tendencies and sees in aggression the result of an inadequate outlet or a developmental disorganization of these tendencies. In support of her viewpoint, she cites observations on schizophrenia, organic brain disease, and developmental handicaps of children. She takes issue with the use of the term 'hostility' applied to aimless and destructive behavior in institutionally reared children. Bender concludes that education and treatment must be based on furthering 'the normal maturation of the personality' and on ameliorating the 'developmental discrepancies in whatever field they may arise'.


WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.
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Article Citation

(1949). American Journal of Psychiatry. CV, 1948. Psychoanal. Q., 18:400

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WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.