Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To print an article…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To print an article, click on the small Printer Icon located at the top right corner of the page, or by pressing Ctrl + P. Remember, PEP-Web content is copyright.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Alexander, F. (1953). The Meaning of Dreams: By Calvin S. Hall. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953. 244 pp.. Psychoanal Q., 22:438-440.

(1953). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 22:438-440

The Meaning of Dreams: By Calvin S. Hall. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953. 244 pp.

Review by:
Franz Alexander

According to Hall, dreams reflect the 'dreamer's unconscious self-conception which often does not at all resemble our trumped up and distorted self-portraits' by which we fool ourselves in waking life; dreams mirror the self. This, as every reader knows, is true only of the latent dream content and certainly not of the 'story' the dreamer remembers on awakening (manifest dream content). The manifest dream content is not a true reflection of the self but is a distortion of oneself and one's wishes. The author's confusion comes from not differentiating between latent, unacceptable dream content and the manifest dream. The author apparently does not consider the dream work and seems quite unaware that dream interpretation consists in unmasking the concealment accomplished by the dream work.

Hall studied several thousand dreams of 'normal' people and evidently subjected this material to a careful comparative statistical study. Among his statistical findings is for example: '… men dream more often about male friends and acquaintances than they do about females, while women dream about equally of both sexes' (p. 29). The author's explanation is that 'for men relations with other men are more unsettled than relations with women. Women, on the other hand, have about an equal amount of emotional conflict with members of both sexes' (p. 30).

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.