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Naumburg, M. (1956). The Relationship Between Theo and Vincent Van Gogh: By G. Kraus. Translated by G. J. Renier. Amsterdam: Kröller-Müller Foundation and J. M. Meulenhoff, 1954. 39 pp.. Psychoanal Q., 25:275-278.

(1956). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 25:275-278

The Relationship Between Theo and Vincent Van Gogh: By G. Kraus. Translated by G. J. Renier. Amsterdam: Kröller-Müller Foundation and J. M. Meulenhoff, 1954. 39 pp.

Review by:
Margaret Naumburg

This paper-bound lecture about the Van Gogh brothers was delivered in Holland by Professor Kraus of Groningen University in 1953. Dr. Kraus quotes freely from Vincent's letters to his brother. He supports his own views on the relation between them from various Dutch and French writers. 'I hope to show', he states, 'how very much the close connection between Theo and Vincent Van Gogh makes it permissible to speak of a symbiosis and, in doing so, I shall particularly stress the great significance of Theo for Vincent'. This concept of symbiosis, as presented by Dr. Kraus, is derived from Charles Mauron. Like so many of Vincent's biographers, Dr. Kraus emphasizes the importance of Theo's continuing faith and financial assistance to Vincent, ignoring Vincent's contribution to the symbiosis.

We are not informed with which department of Groningen University Dr. Kraus is associated; nor does his lecture clearly identify his special field of study. Dr. Kraus takes a stand against the importance of the unconscious in Vincent's life as a means of understanding him.

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