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(1960). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. VII, 1959: The Effect of Subliminal Visual Stimulation on Images and Dreams: A Validation Study. Charles Fisher and I. H. Paul. Pp. 35-83.. Psychoanal Q., 29:588-589.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. VII, 1959: The Effect of Subliminal Visual Stimulation on Images and Dreams: A Validation Study. Charles Fisher and I. H. Paul. Pp. 35-83.

(1960). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 29:588-589

Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. VII, 1959: The Effect of Subliminal Visual Stimulation on Images and Dreams: A Validation Study. Charles Fisher and I. H. Paul. Pp. 35-83.

The authors report in detail the results of their study on the effect of tachistoscopic visual stimulation at subliminal levels upon the subsequent drawings

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and dreams of eleven volunteer subjects. They conclude that visual registration and subsequent elaboration of subliminal stimuli in imagery and dream constitute a genuine phenomenon. They describe the process involved ('Pötzl Phenomenon') as comprising four phases: 1, subliminal registration; 2, cognitive working-over outside awareness, so that the registration becomes a memory trace or is recruited to a preexisting memory schema; 3, delayed emergence of the worked-over registration into subsequent dreams and images; 4, reproduction by elaboration into words and action. The authors feel their data indicate that laws and concepts derived from classical laboratory studies (for example, gestalt psychology), utilizing subjects operating in a state of consciousness highly committed to reality appraisal and distinction-making, may be valid only for this particular state of consciousness, and not for those which, like subliminal registration, are more accessible to primary process modes.

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Article Citation

(1960). Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. VII, 1959. Psychoanal. Q., 29:588-589

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