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Hammerman, S. (1967). The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, Vol. XX: New York: International Universities Press, Inc., 1965. 566 pp.. Psychoanal Q., 36:101-105.
(1967). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 36:101-105
The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, Vol. XX: New York: International Universities Press, Inc., 1965. 566 pp.
Review by: Steven Hammerman
This volume uses the same format and is up to the same high quality as its predecessors. It is divided into sections which include diagnostic assessments, aspects of normal and pathological development, contributions to psychoanalytic theory, and clinical contributions. The continuing policy of combining clinical and theoretical material both from practice and research, as well as maintaining a bridge between adult and child analysis, promotes a deeper understanding and stimulates fruitful interest.
The initial section is devoted to current work on diagnostic profiles. The diagnostic assessments represent further elaboration of the diagnostic profiles developed at the Hampstead Clinic by Anna Freud. In Metapsychological Assessment of the Adult Personality: The Adult Profile, by Anna Freud, Humberto Nagera, and W. Ernst Freud, assessment by profile is made on the basis of developmental considerations. Pathology is evaluated according to its interference with orderly and steady progress of development. Normality is judged by the quality of functioning, the pleasure derived, and by the quality of the individual's object and community relations. Although childhood and adult profiles are not identical in orientation, it is felt that the schemata may prove valuable for the correlation of items such as importance within the individual structure of particular drives, the quality of the defense organization, the content of ideal self and superego, and the developmental phase governing the quality of object relationships.
In frequency of Psychotherapeutic Sessions as a Factor Affecting the Child's Developmental Status, by Christoph M. Heinicke, the findings are based on experience with ten children, four of whom were seen four times per week and six, once a week. All were judged suitable for psychoanalytic treatment in that permanent and severe symptom-formation of a predominantly neurotic character and the retardation of ego and libidinal growth were associated with permanent regressions and fixations. The paper is organized with regard to the assessment of each child at the beginning, one year, and two years after treatment. The Developmental Profile is used to integrate the information derived from the assessment.
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