Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To contact support with questions…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

You can always contact us directly by sending an email to

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Brodsky, B. (1967). Working Through its Widening Scope and Some Aspects of its Metapsychology. Psychoanal Q., 36:485-496.

(1967). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 36:485-496

Working Through its Widening Scope and Some Aspects of its Metapsychology

Bernard Brodsky, M.D.


Freud's economic theory of working through was elaborated as a process of dissipation through discharge. A dynamic structural theory of change is presented instead. Whatever the danger signaling affect is, whether it be anxiety, guilt, shame, or other, the mastery in the analytic process occurs both by a lessening of its intensity and an increased capacity of the analysand to bear the residual portion without pathological outcome. Qualitatively signal anxiety no longer tends to progress to traumatic anxiety. Appropriate mature achievements resolve the craving for the perpetuation of infantile gratifications to the degree that the latter can be worked through.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.