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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Mahler, M.S. McDevitt, J.B. (1968). Observations on Adaptation and Defense in Statu Nascendi Developmental Precursors in the First Two Years of Life. Psychoanal Q., 37:1-21.

(1968). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 37:1-21

Observations on Adaptation and Defense in Statu Nascendi Developmental Precursors in the First Two Years of Life

Margaret S. Mahler, M.D. and John B. McDevitt, M.D.

We address ourselves to the relationship between two of the four interdependent mental states of equilibrium described by Hartmann—the equilibrium between the individual and the environment, the young child's 'preparedness for average expectable environmental situations and for average expectable internal conflicts' (3p. 55). Although we realize that defensive processes may have the double function of warding off instinctual impulses and of serving adaptation to the external world (3p. 51), there are nevertheless many adaptive phenomena whose function is broader and which do not serve a primarily defensive purpose.

Previous papers have discussed the fact that the 'average expectable environment' to which the infant must at first adapt is the symbiotic milieu that includes the symbiotic partner in the undifferentiated stage. It might be said that during this phase the innate rhythms of the infant adjust automatically to those of the mother, and vice versa (2).

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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