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(1969). Archives of General Psychiatry. XV, 1966: Early Socialization Experiences and Intra-Familial Environment. Martha S. Oleinick; Anita K. Bahn; Leon Eisenberg; Abraham M. Lilienfeld. Pp. 344-353.. Psychoanal Q., 38:513.
    
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Archives of General Psychiatry. XV, 1966: Early Socialization Experiences and Intra-Familial Environment. Martha S. Oleinick; Anita K. Bahn; Leon Eisenberg; Abraham M. Lilienfeld. Pp. 344-353.

(1969). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 38:513

Archives of General Psychiatry. XV, 1966: Early Socialization Experiences and Intra-Familial Environment. Martha S. Oleinick; Anita K. Bahn; Leon Eisenberg; Abraham M. Lilienfeld. Pp. 344-353.

This is a summary presentation of a study, its methods and findings. Major areas studied are parental behavior and attitudes toward early childhood socialization practices, separation of child from parent, and familial interaction patterns. Three groups were used and matched for race, age, and sex: 1, children from a psychiatric outpatient clinic; 2, children from a pediatric clinic, ophthalmology clinic, and some who had had a tonsillectomy or appendectomy; and 3, children in the local public school. Socio-economic matching was only roughly achieved. Differences in early socialization practices did not correlate significantly with any group but rather related more reliably with social class. However, the psychiatric group clearly differed with a significantly higher level of nuclear family disruption and a greater frequency of child-parent separation.

Unfortunately, this study, with due deference to the significance of negative findings, is thought to lend further weight to the lack of significance of early socialization experiences in the development of psychopathology. Further critical discussion is not possible here, but it is interesting to note that this study shows that children do react to significant separation with behavioral symptomatology. However, adult retrospective studies show poor correlation between childhood separation and adult mental illness. Could we also be looking for significant relationships in the wrong time and place? Do mothers turn to sociocultural child-rearing standards when they are unable to recall their own specific practices?

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Article Citation

(1969). Archives of General Psychiatry. XV, 1966. Psychoanal. Q., 38:513

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