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Tip: To review the bibliography…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

It is always useful to review an article’s bibliography and references to get a deeper understanding of the psychoanalytic concepts and theoretical framework in it.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

(1973). Seminars in Psychiatry. III, 1971: Learning Theory Approaches to the Treatment of Criminal Behavior. Ralph K. Schwitzgebel. Pp. 328-344.. Psychoanal Q., 42:163-164.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Seminars in Psychiatry. III, 1971: Learning Theory Approaches to the Treatment of Criminal Behavior. Ralph K. Schwitzgebel. Pp. 328-344.

(1973). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 42:163-164

Seminars in Psychiatry. III, 1971: Learning Theory Approaches to the Treatment of Criminal Behavior. Ralph K. Schwitzgebel. Pp. 328-344.

This is a disagreeable paper for those who feel that respect for patients is a necessary concomitant of the process of psychotherapy. The author summarizes the various learning theory approaches to behavior modification currently contemplated. These include classical conditioning, aversive suppression, observational learning, operant conditioning, and electronic monitoring. Of these only

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classical conditioning in its application to alcoholism and homosexuality has produced statistically significant results. In one study, fifty-one per cent of more than four thousand alcoholic patients were abstinent from two to five years following conditioning. With regard to homosexuality, approximately forty to sixty per cent of patients so treated showed some improvement during follow-up periods of one year or longer. The author presents the argument that electronic monitoring of criminals can decrease the necessity for prisons. The monitoring systems have been used in connection with classical conditioning techniques.

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Article Citation

(1973). Seminars in Psychiatry. III, 1971. Psychoanal. Q., 42:163-164

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