Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To receive notifications about new content…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Want to receive notifications about new content in PEP Web? For more information about this feature, click here

To sign up to PEP Web Alert for weekly emails with new content updates click click here.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

De La Vega, G. (1973). Elementos De Psicologia Y Psicopadologia Psicoanalitica (Principles of Psychology and Psychoanalytic Psychopathology): By Edgardo H. Rolla, M.D. Buenos Aires: Editorial Galerna, 1971. 566 pp.. Psychoanal Q., 42:305-307.

(1973). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 42:305-307

Elementos De Psicologia Y Psicopadologia Psicoanalitica (Principles of Psychology and Psychoanalytic Psychopathology): By Edgardo H. Rolla, M.D. Buenos Aires: Editorial Galerna, 1971. 566 pp.

Review by:
Gabriel De La Vega

In essence, Rolla defines his concepts of 'psychosis' and 'neurosis' in quantitative terms. Any person at a given moment in life faces difficulties that may threaten his established identity feelings, his ego organization, and the behavioral reactions to the milieu in which he lives. Different people will regress to different types of behavior that were utilized adaptively in previous situations before the ego was fully organized and shaped to control the demands of life. This regression includes not only the defense mechanisms but all other ego functions, autonomous or not, as described by Hartmann. The observer may see this behavior as inadequate, or as using elements not appropriate to the particular time of observation. For the patient, however, his behavior signifies some kind of waiting period in which he will retreat from contact with what we now call external reality. He is going through a period in which he is in more lively contact with his own internal psychic reality and in which the object representations allow him to reorganize his ego structure and function because of their meaning to his personality in a previous stage of his life. Internal love objects also represent a constellation that operates on the basis of processes predominantly in the area of memory. Hence, they relate not only to the present moment but are object constellations that belong to previous fantasies.

Rolla considers this phenomenon as 'regressive' because the person is operating according to fantasies that were appropriate in previous times. This type of regression, therefore, is a way by which the ego is provided with a sure basis of becoming secure, thus gaining the impetus for being reorganized. The regression is considered as the primary 'defense phenomenon' in the face of difficult current situations, and is usually accompanied by other defensive elements including projection, introjection, and utilization of more complex means to communicate the patient's confused messages. The aim of these defense mechanisms is to provide a view of the self that can re-establish control over anxiety. The primary fear is uncontrolled separation anxiety, or inability to modify the present situation.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.