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PEP-Web Tip of the Day

The Information icon (an i in a circle) will give you valuable information about PEP Web data and features. You can find it besides a PEP Web feature and the author’s name in every journal article. Simply move the mouse pointer over the icon and click on it for the information to appear.

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Galef, H.R. (1973). Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. CLV, 1972: The Effects of Subliminal Drive Stimulation on the Speech of Stutterers. Lloyd H. Silverman; Herbert Klinger; Lynn Lustbader; Jacqueline Farrell; Albert D. Martin. Pp. 14-21.. Psychoanal Q., 42:318-318.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. CLV, 1972: The Effects of Subliminal Drive Stimulation on the Speech of Stutterers. Lloyd H. Silverman; Herbert Klinger; Lynn Lustbader; Jacqueline Farrell; Albert D. Martin. Pp. 14-21.

(1973). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 42:318-318

Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. CLV, 1972: The Effects of Subliminal Drive Stimulation on the Speech of Stutterers. Lloyd H. Silverman; Herbert Klinger; Lynn Lustbader; Jacqueline Farrell; Albert D. Martin. Pp. 14-21.

Harold R. Galef

The experimental method employed for this study of the effects of unconscious conflict on psychopathology consists of presentation of drive-related and neutral pictorial and verbal stimuli at a subliminal level and observing effects on ego functioning. The subjects were stutterers; the aim was to explore the psychoanalytic proposition that the symptom of stuttering includes a regression to areas of conflict involving anal and oral-aggressive impulses. The authors conclude that stutterers manifest an increase in their speech disturbances when anal drive derivatives are triggered without their awareness. A weaker but similar claim is justified: that oral-aggressive derivatives are implicated in intensifying stuttering. It is wisely pointed out that such conditions may be necessary but are not sufficient. Additional requisite conditions would include a high level of drive activation prior to external stimulation, a current state of ego weakness, and sufficient superego pressure.

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Article Citation

Galef, H.R. (1973). Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. CLV, 1972. Psychoanal. Q., 42:318-318

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