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Hart, M.G. (1973). Journal of Youth and Adolescence. I, 1972: On the Adolescent Process as a Transformation of the Self. Ernest S. Wolf; John E. Gedo; David M. Terman. Pp. 257-272.. Psychoanal Q., 42:483-484.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. I, 1972: On the Adolescent Process as a Transformation of the Self. Ernest S. Wolf; John E. Gedo; David M. Terman. Pp. 257-272.

(1973). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 42:483-484

Journal of Youth and Adolescence. I, 1972: On the Adolescent Process as a Transformation of the Self. Ernest S. Wolf; John E. Gedo; David M. Terman. Pp. 257-272.

Marion G. Hart

This interesting paper utilizes biographical source material from Freud's adolescence, introspective accounts from the self-analysis of several psychoanalysts, and vignettes from the psychoanalytic literature. It is proposed that during adolescence the necessary de-idealization of archaic parental images, with their transformation into newly internalized idealization which consolidates into a stable ego ideal, is served effectively by intense peer relations called 'Academia' by the authors after Freud's 'Academia Castellona'. The 'Academia' serves to maintain narcissistic balance and the cohesion of the self. Freud's intimate correspondence with Eduard Silberstein re-enacted Cervantes's solution to his disillusionment with the world and its evils. Freud's discredited, old internalized childhood image, inspired by his often quoted disillusionment

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with his father who bowed to anti-Semitic ruffians, created a temporary gap in his psychic structure. The 'Academia' was important in facilitating the internalization of a new ideal taken from Cervantes.

The data suggest that the intrapsychic changes of adolescence are not the consequence of sexual maturation. The crucial transformation of the self, reported from ages eleven to twenty, are related to the emergence of the inner necessity for new ideals and the opportunities encountered for this transformation.

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Article Citation

Hart, M.G. (1973). Journal of Youth and Adolescence. I, 1972. Psychoanal. Q., 42:483-484

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