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(1973). Psyche. XXVI, 1972: Reality and Illusion. By Harold Lincke. Pp. 821-851.. Psychoanal Q., 42:657-658.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Psyche. XXVI, 1972: Reality and Illusion. By Harold Lincke. Pp. 821-851.

(1973). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 42:657-658

Psyche. XXVI, 1972: Reality and Illusion. By Harold Lincke. Pp. 821-851.

The author questions the psychoanalytic assumption that the id does not have a specific organization. Beyond the objective real world constituted by the ego within the drive-autonomous sphere of representation and beyond the archaic ego processes that Freud subsumed under the primary process, there exists an id form of reality conception which is not logically accountable. This conception is closely related to the communication of animals and is characterized by the expressive gestures and release mechanisms discovered by ethology. The purpose of this phylogenetically acquired and hereditarily fixed reality conception is self-preservation. The unbridgeable chasm between the two forms of organization—between 'understanding' and 'explanation'—comes about as a result of the divergence between the developmental schedules of

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the id and of bodily growth, first postulated by Bolk. The mother, in her dyadic relationship with the infant, conducts herself in accordance with the id form of object relations. Only in this way can she convey the illusion to the child that there is a congruence between the gradually constituted objective real mother image and the subjective psychic image established through preverbal communication. The capacity for the coalescence of the two spheres is tested with transitional objects: ego subjects that take on a peculiar aura by being drawn into the id world. This intermediate world of illusion is an accomplishment of the ego; it is the world of art and religion. Lincke concludes his paper with considerations of the social function of illusions.

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Article Citation

(1973). Psyche. XXVI, 1972. Psychoanal. Q., 42:657-658

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