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(1977). Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XXXVIII, 1974: Metropolis. Mother-City—Mediator—Hitler. Roger Dadoun. Pp. 101-130.. Psychoanal Q., 46:179-180.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XXXVIII, 1974: Metropolis. Mother-City—Mediator—Hitler. Roger Dadoun. Pp. 101-130.

(1977). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 46:179-180

Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XXXVIII, 1974: Metropolis. Mother-City—Mediator—Hitler. Roger Dadoun. Pp. 101-130.

Dadoun considers Fritz Lang's film, Metropolis (1926), and its relation to the values and concepts of National Socialism. The purpose of his article is to illustrate the necessity and pertinence of psychoanalytic concepts for the study of the film. Lang's film is a futuristic tale of the city, Metropolis, where the masters live in skyscrapers, with workers in the lower depths of the city enslaved to the rigors of mechanical productivity upon which the city depends. One of the psychological themes of the film is splitting, as illustrated both in the division of the city into upper and lower and in the division of the heroine, Maria,

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into a true or good mother and a false robot imitation, the bad mother. Dadoun also reviews various oedipal themes occurring in the film.

Hitler admired this film greatly, apparently because of his national socialist view of national and cultural harmony going beyond class distinctions. Dadoun, however, dismisses this as a reason for Hitler's admiration of the film. The ideological allusions and references of the movie are insufficient to give it the privileged historical and political position it holds. This position is due instead to the unconscious material in the film, to its richness of instinctual cathexes and to its fantasy material. The author suggests that a new sort of anthropological discipline is needed for such a socio-politico-psychoanalytic study. However, he attempts to correlate certain themes in the movie with psychoanalytic data from Walter Langer's work, The Mind of Adolph Hitler (New York: Basic Books, 1972). Dadoun also finds certain similarities between Lang, the film's director, and Hitler in their backgrounds and early development.

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Article Citation

(1977). Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XXXVIII, 1974. Psychoanal. Q., 46:179-180

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