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Tip: Books are sorted alphabetically…

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The list of books available on PEP Web is sorted alphabetically, with the exception of Freud’s Collected Works, Glossaries, and Dictionaries. You can find this list in the Books Section.

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(1977). American Journal of Psychiatry. CXXXIII, 1976: Do Dreams Have Meaning? An Empirical Inquiry. Milton Kramer; Robert Hlasny; Gerard Jacobs; Thomas Roth. Pp. 778-781.. Psychoanal Q., 46:549.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: American Journal of Psychiatry. CXXXIII, 1976: Do Dreams Have Meaning? An Empirical Inquiry. Milton Kramer; Robert Hlasny; Gerard Jacobs; Thomas Roth. Pp. 778-781.

(1977). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 46:549

American Journal of Psychiatry. CXXXIII, 1976: Do Dreams Have Meaning? An Empirical Inquiry. Milton Kramer; Robert Hlasny; Gerard Jacobs; Thomas Roth. Pp. 778-781.

Three judges with varying academic backgrounds (an experienced psychiatrist, a psychology graduate, and an experimental psychologist with five years experience in sleep and dream research) attempted to sort randomly selected dreams of twelve college students, as well as the dreams of a group of schizophrenic patients. The dreams were classified according to the dreamer, the night of occurrence, and the sequential order within a night. The results of the study support the assumption that dreams are orderly, nonrandom events. They were able to successfully distinguish among the dreams of different people and those of one person on different nights, with a statistically significant degree of success. However, they were unable to determine the sequential order of any dreamer's dreams within one given night. It was believed that the reactive nature of dreams was reflected by the judges' ability to sort successfully the dreams of one night from those of another night. Although the authors do not state it in psychoanalytic terms, this data could be viewed as good experimental evidence substantiating the importance of the day residue in dreams.

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Article Citation

(1977). American Journal of Psychiatry. CXXXIII, 1976. Psychoanal. Q., 46:549

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