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Fishman, G.G. (1983). American Imago. XXXVI, 1979: Szondi's Theory of the Cain Complex. Richard Hughes. Pp. 260-274.. Psychoanal Q., 52:146-147.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: American Imago. XXXVI, 1979: Szondi's Theory of the Cain Complex. Richard Hughes. Pp. 260-274.

(1983). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 52:146-147

American Imago. XXXVI, 1979: Szondi's Theory of the Cain Complex. Richard Hughes. Pp. 260-274.

George G. Fishman

L. Szondi is the creator of schiksalanalyse, or a psychiatric system based on a concept of fate. This last word has a very specific referent, namely, the biologically encoded "drives" determined, in turn, by each generation's experience. The

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result is the "familial unconscious," not to be confused with Jungian archetypes or racial unconscious. In Szondi's system, the cain complex has the central place that the oedipus complex holds in Freudian psychoanalysis. The cain complex is the latent evil that can be mobilized when a brother is slighted for recognition by the father. No attempt is made to contrast this theme with similar ideas of Adler, Pollock, Arlow, Kohut, and others. The rest of the essay outlines other tenets of the theory, for example, its four drives and their sixteen permutations. It also tries to demonstrate the theory's heuristic superiority in dealing with certain major questions such as how to maintain the existence of God in the face of the existence of evil. The article is quite ambiguous and dense. This probably derives in part from the author's effort to explain a large body of thought in a very small space and from the fact that the connections which bridge the concepts are mythical or mystical and not always psychological.

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Article Citation

Fishman, G.G. (1983). American Imago. XXXVI, 1979. Psychoanal. Q., 52:146-147

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