Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Singer, M.H. (1983). Meeting of the Psychoanalytic Association of New York. Psychoanal Q., 52:496-498.

(1983). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 52:496-498

Meeting of the Psychoanalytic Association of New York

Michael H. Singer

DISCUSSION: Dr. Martin H. Blum agreed with the authors that there is significant uncertainty regarding the language we use to discuss the fundamental categories in which we group the materials that emerge during analysis. Elaborating on the authors' thesis, Dr. Blum stated that optimal personality function depends on the integration of self schema with the previously sequestered subschemas, and can be seen as "the integration and harmonization of the mild multiple personality disorders from which every human being suffers." This idea is not as novel as it sounds but was rooted in analytic theory from the very beginning. Dr. Blum traced some of the early roots by going back to Breuer's notion that "affective ideas" can stand in conflict with the "integrated and synthesized conscious personality." The "affective idea" arose during a "hypnoid state" and was part of a "defective sub-personality" which generated such ideas. The analogues of these "affective ideas" in later Freudian theory are the transference thoughts that Freud postulated around 1900 as he was developing the topographic theory. Dr. Blum outlined Freud's development of the structural hypothesis from the topographic, stressing that these transference thoughts were a "system" intermediate between the systems Ucs. and Pcs. These transference thoughts were associatively connected to infantile complexes and to the system Ucs. and were affected by these complexes although appearing to be part of the system Pcs. In this way, they too amounted to a "sub-personality." The transference thoughts of the topographic model became the defensive ego of the structural model of 1923 and essentially comprised a sub-personality, i.e., a personality dominated by defenses against unconscious infantile impulses. Dr.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.