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Dewald, P.A. (1983). Analysis of Transference, Volume I. Theory and Technique. (Psychological Issues, Monograph 53). Psychoanal Q., 52:601-607.
(1983). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 52:601-607
Analysis of Transference, Volume I. Theory and Technique. (Psychological Issues, Monograph 53)
Review by: Paul A. Dewald
By Merton M. Gill. New York: International Universities Press, Inc., 1982. 193 pp.
ANALYSIS OF TRANSFERENCE, VOLUME II. STUDIES OF NINE AUDIO-RECORDED PSYCHOANALYTIC SESSIONS. (Psychological Issues, Monograph 54.) By Merton M. Gill and Irwin Z. Hoffman. New York: International Universities Press, Inc., 1982. 236 pp.
These two monographs should be read as a unit. In Volume I, Gill presents an extensive elaboration of the literature on psychoanalytic technique and its relationship to transference, as well as an exposition of his own current position about the centrality of the analysis of the transference in psychoanalytic treatment. Volume II contains nine transcriptions of audio-recorded therapeutic sessions presenting the verbatim data of the therapeutic interaction and interchange. At various points, Gill and Hoffman intersperse their own critique, evaluation, and comments as to how they see the material unfolding, chiefly from the perspective espoused in Volume I.
Gill's position is that the patient's experience of the therapeutic interaction and relationship is firmly rooted in the actual interpersonal interactions that occur during any therapeutic session. He sees the patient's transference experience as activated by some observable behavior or response of the therapist in the treatment setting. The patient's interpretation of the meaning of the therapist's behavior is significantly influenced by the current interpersonal reality as well as by the patient's past expectations, relationships, experiences, etc., which are the traditionally defined elements of transference. Gill's main emphasis is that the therapist must acknowledge and take account of his own behavior in stimulating and activating the patient's transference responses, and that he must see the patient's transference reactions as an appropriate interpretation of the therapist's behavior, based upon limited knowledge of the therapist and his motivations. In this way Gill places a major emphasis on the here-and-now component of transference experience, which he likens to the day residue in the process of dream formation.
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