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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”.  What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified.  The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search.  In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic.  The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits.  Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents. 

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching.  What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.  

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Krasner, R.F. (1983). Contemporary Psychoanalysis. XVII, 1981: Otto Rank's Contribution to Psychoanalytic Communication. Esther Menaker. Pp. 552-564.. Psychoanal Q., 52:654-654.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Contemporary Psychoanalysis. XVII, 1981: Otto Rank's Contribution to Psychoanalytic Communication. Esther Menaker. Pp. 552-564.

(1983). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 52:654-654

Contemporary Psychoanalysis. XVII, 1981: Otto Rank's Contribution to Psychoanalytic Communication. Esther Menaker. Pp. 552-564.

Ronald F. Krasner

Rank's contribution to psychoanalysis is conceptualized here as occurring chiefly in the theory of technique. Viewed as a believer in human growth and change, Rank emphasized the "here and now" while, according to Menaker, classical psychoanalysis ignored it in favor of the past and unconscious drive derivatives. The relationship with the analyst was not seen in transference terms, "but in terms of the growth opportunities for the self which the new relationship represented." Rank's interpretation of the Wolf Man's dream is presented in support of this thesis. Rank's concept of "will" is also presented. This idea, that the expression of one's own will causes a separation from another individual and thus produces guilt, is then posited as the cornerstone for Rank's innovative "will therapy." As Menaker summarizes, "It is the therapist's capacity to affirm the unique individuation process in the patient that helps to release the creative energies which result in a freer and more secure expression in action of his or her own independent will."

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Article Citation

Krasner, R.F. (1983). Contemporary Psychoanalysis. XVII, 1981. Psychoanal. Q., 52:654-654

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