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Bing, J.F. (1985). The Annual of Psychoanalysis. X, 1982: The Manifest and Latent Meanings of Metapsychology. Robert R. Holt. Pp. 233-255.. Psychoanal Q., 54:508-509.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: The Annual of Psychoanalysis. X, 1982: The Manifest and Latent Meanings of Metapsychology. Robert R. Holt. Pp. 233-255.

(1985). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 54:508-509

The Annual of Psychoanalysis. X, 1982: The Manifest and Latent Meanings of Metapsychology. Robert R. Holt. Pp. 233-255.

James F. Bing

In an erudite manner, Holt introduces his study of metapsychology with a comprehensive elucidation of Freud's concepts. It was necessary for him to use the Concordance, as the Index in the Standard Edition was inadequate to his task. Most of his paper is devoted to Freud's definition and use of metapsychology. The discussion is far-reaching and involves the influence of Darwin's, Lipps's, and Hecker's theories on Freud's thinking. Holt describes in detail how one of Freud's ever-present problems was the integration of the mechanical with the biological. Thus he shows how Freud differentiated metapsychology from clinical theory and from

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evolutionary biological theory. Although in his definition Freud fairly quickly adopted the topographical and dynamic points of view, the author shows us that Freud eventually had to include the economic point of view. Holt adds a dynamic interpretation of why metapsychology had importance to Freud. Here he shows that the metapsychological frame of reference may well have served as a defense against impulses frequently stimulated by his patients. The author also briefly discusses some intellectual antecedents of metapsychology, and as a footnote adds his own ideas about what he hopes will eventually take the place of metapsychology, namely, "a theoretical model, a realization of psychoanalytic theory in other terms."

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Article Citation

Bing, J.F. (1985). The Annual of Psychoanalysis. X, 1982. Psychoanal. Q., 54:508-509

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