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Bing, J.F. (1986). The Annual of Psychoanalysis. XI, 1983: Peer Relatedness in the First Year of Life: The Birth of a New World. Richard N. Atkins. Pp. 227-244.. Psychoanal Q., 55:364.

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Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: The Annual of Psychoanalysis. XI, 1983: Peer Relatedness in the First Year of Life: The Birth of a New World. Richard N. Atkins. Pp. 227-244.

(1986). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 55:364

The Annual of Psychoanalysis. XI, 1983: Peer Relatedness in the First Year of Life: The Birth of a New World. Richard N. Atkins. Pp. 227-244.

James F. Bing

Junior toddlers for a variety of intrapsychic reasons seem to form fewer relationships with their peers than do infants. Whereas "Horner, Whiteside, and Busch assumed that representational constancy is a singular prerequisite for the child's entry into relatedness with peers," Atkins believes that if they had observed children under fifteen months old, their assumptions might have been different. He states that peer-related behavior is much more active than that between the child and adults. He proposes a developmental line for peer-relatedness, beginning with the first days of life. He describes graphically what would appear to be an object relationship established between two four-month-old infants. He disputes Anna Freud's contention that the peer relationship at this time involves lifeless objects. He suggests that during the second half of the first year of life sophisticated behavior such as mirroring occurs. According to Atkins, infants respond more actively to other infants than to strange adults, and peer-based mirroring helps the development of self-representation. Play group activity seems to help in the child's development.


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Article Citation

Bing, J.F. (1986). The Annual of Psychoanalysis. XI, 1983. Psychoanal. Q., 55:364

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WARNING! This text is printed for the personal use of the subscriber to PEP Web and is copyright to the Journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to copy, distribute or circulate it in any form whatsoever.