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Hardin, H.T. (1987). On the Vicissitudes of Freud's Early Mothering—I: Early Environment and Loss. Psychoanal Q., 56:628-644.

(1987). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 56:628-644

On the Vicissitudes of Freud's Early Mothering—I: Early Environment and Loss

Harry. T. Hardin, M.D.


Utilizing case examples and published accounts of Freud's infancy, I attempt to demonstrate that an upheaval in Freud's life, with a desperate turning to his mother and to oedipal issues, was the result of the loss of his nurse.

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