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Stambler, M. Pyles, R.L. (1992). Meetings of the Psychoanalytic Institute of New England, East. Psychoanal Q., 61:326-327.

(1992). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 61:326-327

Meetings of the Psychoanalytic Institute of New England, East

Morris Stambler and Robert L. Pyles


Dr. Haynal discussed the origins of some of our concepts in psychoanalysis. The common notion that everything in treatment is transference is not something one will find in Freud, despite Freud's emphasis on the transference. Ideas relative to countertransference that are important in the British, Swiss, and French schools, and hidden ideas of object relations and intersubjectivity, are also not found in Freud. What is the origin of these ideas? Dr. Haynal traced them back to the intimate relationship between Freud and Ferenczi. The early psychoanalytic pioneers did not make a sharp distinction between the private and personal, and the psychoanalytic. For example, Ferenczi fell in love with Elma Pálos, his analysand and the daughter of Gizella Pálos, then his mistress, later to be his wife. Ferenczi pressed Freud to help him with this crisis by briefly analyzing Elma. In 1909 Freud wrote to Jung urging him not to analyze his wife because of the problem of countertransference.

The early pioneers worked with the conviction that the analysis could be dissociated from the relationship. While Freud discovered the transference, he did not make explicit its limits, nor did he seem particularly enthusiastic about working with it. In a letter to Pfister in 1910, Freud said, "Transference is our cross to bear." He spoke of it often in his technical writings as the greatest difficulty in the treatment.

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