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Ginsburg, S.A. (1992). Contemporary Psychoanalysis. XXVII, 1991: Working through the Past, Working towards the Future. Lewis Aron. Pp. 81-109.. Psychoanal Q., 61:510-511.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Contemporary Psychoanalysis. XXVII, 1991: Working through the Past, Working towards the Future. Lewis Aron. Pp. 81-109.

(1992). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 61:510-511

Contemporary Psychoanalysis. XXVII, 1991: Working through the Past, Working towards the Future. Lewis Aron. Pp. 81-109.

Sybil A.Y. Ginsburg

Freud envisioned working through as a type of battle, gradually won as an ego strengthened by analytic work overcomes the pressure of id impulses. Among later classical analysts, Fenichel, a representative of ego psychology, thought of working through in terms of defense and resistance interpretations, and Greenacre stressed the importance of reconstruction. These theoretical frameworks all consider id impulses to be immutable, and, therefore, the therapeutic process based upon them stresses renunciation and loss. Aron prefers the term "working toward"; he believes that id drives can develop and mature toward "new and better gratifications." The therapeutic relationship is a collaborative venture with the aim "of transforming the analysand's inner representational world." Piaget's work is noted for its understanding of how the inner world may change through adaptation, assimilation, and accommodation. Loewald is a classical analyst who has described a relational model of working through. Bowlby is a relational theorist noted for having contributed significantly to the concept of internal object relations. Aron also discusses the perspectives

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of other schools: British object relations, American interpersonal, and Kohutian self psychology.

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Article Citation

Ginsburg, S.A. (1992). Contemporary Psychoanalysis. XXVII, 1991. Psychoanal. Q., 61:510-511

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