Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size? In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+). Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out). To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

(1992). Meetings of the Psychoanalytic Institute and Society of New England, East. Psychoanal Q., 61:690-690.

(1992). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 61:690-690

Meetings of the Psychoanalytic Institute and Society of New England, East


In order to approach the elusive question of psychoanalytic technique as it is actually used, Dr. Simon proposed exploiting an "experiment of nature" derived from his own experience of technique as an analysand with four different analysts over eleven years. His method was to compare the four analytic settings and the analysts' manner of operating with respect to analytic atmosphere, free association, interpretation, the use of dreams, the reconstruction of childhood, parameters, personal revelations of the analyst, and the role of politics. Before presenting the data, Dr. Simon discussed difficulties in his methodology, including the self-serving nature of memory and privacy.

The first two analyses were with candidates (Drs. A and B), and the second two were with training analysts (Drs. C and D). The analyses with Drs. A and C were prematurely interrupted for extrinsic reasons. With regard to analytic atmosphere and free association, Dr. Simon found few differences attributable to theoretical disputes, but substantial differences related to temperament, personal style, and experience. The training analysts spoke much more. Dr. Simon reviewed current controversies about the relative importance of interpretation in the therapeutic action of analysis. He compared the frequency of complete interpretations in the four analyses, offering several examples, and found that while classical interpretations were important and mutative, other interventions had powerful effects, as did the analytic situation itself.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.